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Knitting Abbreviations

By: Caitlin Eaton, Editor of AllFreeKnitting

Having trouble reading a knitting pattern?  Below is a list of common knitting abbreviations and their respective meanings.  This should help you through a variety of knitting projects with ease.  Happy Knitting! 

 

“ -  Inch or inches

* - Repeat instructions following the single asterisk as directed

** - Repeat instructions between asterisks as directed

{ } - Alternate measurements or instructions

( ) - Repeat directions as noted or indicated

alt - Alternate

approx - Approximately

beg - Begin or beginning

bet - Between

Bk lp - Back loop

Blo - Back loop only

Bp - Back post

BO - Bind off

C - Cable

CA - Color A

CB - Color B

CC - Contrasting color

cdd - Centered double decrease

ch - Chain

cl - Cluster

cm - Centimeter or centimeters

cn - cable needle

CO - Cast on

cont - Continue

COR - Carriage on the right

CR - Cross Stitches to the right

cross 2 L - Cross 2 stitches to the left

cross 2 R - Cross 2 stitches to the right

dc - Double crochet

dec - Decrease

decs - Decreases

DK - Double knitting weight yarn

dp - Double pointed needles

dpn - Double pointed needles

ea - Each

EON -  End of needle

EON -  Every other needle

EOR - End of row

FC - Front cross

fl - Front Loops

fol - Front loop only

foll -  Follow, follows, following

fwp - Forward working position

g - Gram

gr - Gram

g st - Garter stitch

grp - Group

grps - Groups

hdc - Half double crochet

hk - Hook

hp - Holding position

in - Inch

ins - Inches

inc - Increase

incs - Increases

incl - Including

k - Knit stitch

k tbl - Knit stitch through the back loop

K1 tbl - Knit stitch through the back loop

K1b - Knit stitch through the back loop

k-b - Knit stitch in the row below

k-wise - knit-wise

k1 f&b - Knit 1 stitch in the front, then in the back of the same stitch

kfb Knit - 1 stitch in the front, then in the back of the same stitch

k2tog - Knit 2 stitches together

k2tog - tbl Knit 2 stitches together through the back loops

kll - Knit left loop

kp - Keyplate

krl - Knit right loop

LC - Left cross

LH - Left hand

lp - Loop

lps - Loops

LT - Left twist

M - Marker

Ms - Markers

m - Meter

M1 - Make 1

M1A  - Make 1 away

M1F - Make 1 front left

M1L - Make 1 front left

M1B - Make 1 back right

M1R - Make 1 back right

M1T - Make 1 towards

MB -Make bobble

mc - Main Color

mm - millimeters

no - Number

NWP - Non-working position

oz - Ounce or ounces

p - Purl stitch

p tble - Purl stitch through the back loop

P1b - Purl stitch through the back loop

P1 tble - Purl stitch through the back loop

p-b -  Purl stitch in the row below

p-wise - Purl wise

pfb - Purl the front of the stitch, then purl the back of the same stitch

p1 f&b - Purl the front of the stitch, then purl the back of the same stitch

p2tog - Purl 2 together

p2tog tble - Purl 2 together through the back loops

pat - Pattern

patt - Pattern

pats - Patterns

patts - Patterns

pm - Place marker

pnso - Pass next stitch over

pop - Popcorn stitch

prev - Previous

psso - Pass the slipped stitch over

pu - Pick up stitches

RC - Right Cross

rem - Remaining

rep - Repeat

reps - Repeats

Rev ST st - Reverse stockinette or stocking stitch

RH - Right hand

rib - Ribbing

rnd - Round

rnds - Rounds

RS - Right side

RT - Right twist

sc - Single crochet

sk - Skip

sk2p - Slip 1 Knit 2 tog or pass slipped stitch over

SKP - Slip, knit, pass

skpo Slip, knit, pass

s - Slip a stitch

sl - Slip a stitch

sl st - Slip stitch or Slip stitches

sl1, k1, psso - Slip 1, knit 1, pass the slipped stitch over

sl1k - Slip a stitch knit-wise

sl 1 k- wise - Slip a stitch knit-wise

sl1p - Slip a stitch purl-wise

1sl 1 p-wise - Slip a stitch purl-wise

sp - Space

sps - Spaces

ssk - Slip, slip, knit slipped stitches tog

ssp - Slip, slip, purl

sssk - Slip, slip, slip, knit 3 slipped stitches together

st - Stitch

sts - Stitches

St st - Stockinette or stocking stitch

tble -Through the back loop

tog - Together

won - Wool over needle

wp - Working position

wrn - Wool round needle

WS - Wrong side

wy - Waste yarn

wyib - With yarn in back

wyif - With yarn in front

yb - Yarn to the back

ybk Yarn to the back

yd - Yard

yds - Yards

yfon - Yarn forward and over needle

yfrn - Yarn forward and round needle

yf - Yarn forward

yfwd - Yarn forward

yo - Yarn over needle

yo2 - Yarn over twice

yon - Yarn over needle

yrn - Yarn over needle

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